Pulpectomy (Root canal therapy)
When the decay in a baby tooth is extensive and has affected the nerve of the tooth and caused the tooth to die (abcess), a pulpectomy treatment is needed. In order to save the tooth, the pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth), nerves, bacteria, and any decay are completely removed and the resulting space is filled with special, medicated, dental materials, which restore the tooth to its full function.
Having a pulpectomy on a baby tooth is can be the treatment of choice to save a tooth that otherwise have to be removed. Many patients believe that removing a baby tooth that has problems is the solution, but what is not realized is that extracting (pulling) a tooth will ultimately be more costly and cause significant problems for the developing permanent teeth when a space maintainer is not placed.
Pulpectomy treatment is highly successful and usually lasts the lifetime of a tooth, although on occasion, a tooth will have to be retreated or extracted due to new infections.